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Getting intermediary liability right:
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Disinformation

Disinformation is defined as "verifiably false or misleading information" which, cumulatively, "is created, presented and disseminated for economic gain or to intentionally deceive the public"; and "may cause public harm", intended as "threats to democratic political and policymaking processes as well as public goods such as the protection of EU citizens' health, the environment or security".

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Average monthly Facebook interactions for prominent French news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly Facebook interactions for several prominent French news sites and some of the most popular false French news sites, in million minutes. Notably, although the prominent news sites outperformed the false ones in reach and monthly time spent on their pages, their Facebook interactions lag behind some of the interactions achieved by the false news sites.
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Average monthly Facebook interactions for prominent Italian news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly Facebook interactions with several prominent Italian news sites and some of the most popular false Italian news sites. Although the prominent news sites have larger averages, the gap between prominent news sites and false news sites is a bit narrower here than it is for other metrics, such as reach and time spent.
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Average monthly reach of prominent French news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly reach of several prominent French news sites and some of the most popular false French news sites. Although the prominent news sites enjoy a far greater reach, there are many popular false news sites.

Hate Speech

In recent years, policymakers in the European Union dedicated a special attention to identifying policies which will help countering illegal hate speech online. As a result, a Code of conduct on countering hate speech online has been agreed by platforms to tackle this issue.

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Antisemitism is seen to be a problem in the country today, by EU Member State (%)

The chart explains if antisemitism is seen as a problem by eight EU member states, %. The results show that antisemitism is seen as a a very big problem in France and Germany and not a very big problem in United Kingdom and Latvia.
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Assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community today, average of the eight EU Member States surveyed (%)

The table shows the assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community in 2013, average of the eight EU Member States surveyed (%)
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Assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community, by EU Member State (%)

This table shows the assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community in 2013, by member state, %

Illegal Content

Incitement to terrorism, illegal hate speech, child sexual abuse material, infringement of intellectual property rights and of consumer protection online are defined as illegal content. In 2017, the European Commission proposed a European Union-wide approach on illegal content issuing a Communication on Tackling Illegal Content Online. This communication was translated into a non-binding Recommendation on measures to effectively tackle illegal content online.

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Agreement that Internet hosting services are effective in tackling illegal content

This segmented bar graph shows that Europeans are split fairly evenly in whether they agree that internet hosting services are effective in tackling illegal content.
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Agreement that the Internet is safe for its users

This chart shows that most respondents from all but two EU countries, Romania and Hungary, disagree with the statement "the internet is safe for its users."
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An ambiguous regulatory framework makes me uncomfortable investing in digital content intermediaries that offer user-uploaded music or video.

This chart shows the percentage who agree with the statement that an ambiguous regulatory framework makes me uncomfortable investing in digital content intermediaries that offer user-uploaded music or video.

Incitement to Terrorism

In accordance with article 14 of the e-Commerce Directive, online platforms must take down illegal content expeditiously once they are aware of its existence. Particularly, a fast removal is required when serious harm is at stake such in the case of incitement to terrorism. Moreover, the Communication on Tackling Illegal Content Online of the European Commission (2017) stipulates again that incitement to terrorism is considered illegal content.

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Cumulative suspension rate for accounts eventually suspended

These graphs shows the cumulative suspension rate across the number of days accounts survived before being suspended, for all accounts identified as being IS or Jihadi which were eventually suspended. Suspension rates began and remained much higher for IS accounts compared to other Jihadi accounts.
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Cumulative suspension rate for all accounts in database

This graph shows the cumulative suspension rate across the number of days accounts survived before being suspended, for all accounts identified as being IS or Jihadi. Suspension rates began and remained much higher for IS accounts compared to other Jihadi accounts.
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Failed, foiled or completed attacks by affiliation in 2017

This graph shows failed, foiled or completed terrorist attacks by affiliation in 2017

Chart of the day

Increased anti-piracy regulations against 'user uploaded' websites would deter my investment in digital content intermediaries that offer user-uploaded music or video
The study found that 78% of investors would be deterred from investing in digital content intermediaries that offer user uploaded music or video should new anti-piracy regulations increase the risk that their investments would be exposed to secondary liability in intellectual property infringement cases.
Source: The impact of Internet regulation on early stage investment

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