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Reconfigured versus Fabricated Misinformation

The chart shows the proportion of reconfigured (N=133) and fabricated (N=86) misinformation in the sample (N=225) and the types of misinformation that constitute both reconfigured and fabricated misinformation. Out of the share of the content showed above, 59% is reconfigured (out of misleading, false context and manipulated content) and 38% is fabricated (out of fabricated and imposter content).
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Satisfaction with How the Internet Hosting Services Handled a Notification

This pie chart shows that the majority of respondents who encountered illegal content online and informed the internet service hosting the content were satisfied with how the internet hosting service handled their notification. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Share of Hate Speech Content Removal Across ICT Companies (2018)

The chart presents the distribution of hate speech content removal by the ICT companies, based on data reported by social media platforms participating in the European Commission's Code of conduct. The data shows that out of the platforms participating in the Code of conduct, YouTube now has the highest rate of removal, while Twitter has the lowest. Facebook and YouTube have increased their rates of removal significantly, while Twitter's increase has been less dramatic.
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Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Misinformation

The chart shows that high-level politicians, celebrities, or other prominent public figures produced or spread only 20% of the misinformation in Reuters Institute's sample, but that misinformation attracted a large majority of all social media engagements in the sample. The first bar shows the share of content that was produced or shared by prominent persons in the whole sample (N=225). The second bar shows the per cent of total social media engagements of content from prominent persons out of the sub-sample of social media posts with available engagement data (N=145).
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Total Piracy by Access Method (2018)

This doughnut chart shows the distribution of piracy in the European Union by access method. As presented, streaming is the preferred method with a 75% share. The remaining 25% is divided between download, torrent and ripper. Nearly 95% of the streaming activity is concentrated in television and film. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Total Piracy by European Union Member State and Content Type (2018)

This chart shows piracy by European Union member state. For each country, piracy is broken down by content type accessed. In two countries, Latvia and Lithuania, consumption of pirated content is clearly higher (more than 26 accesses per month) than in the rest of the European Union. Finland has the lowest rate at 4.6 access per user per month. Germany, Italy, Denmark, Austria, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Slovenia are also below the European Union average of 9.7. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Total Piracy Trends by European Union Member State

The chart presents information on the total piracy trends by country, in the European Union. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Trend in Removal Rates on Facebook Based on the Moving Averages of Percentage of Removed Cases (2017)

The chart presents the share of the reported content which was removed by Facebook, based on data collected by the International Network Against Cyber Hate. The report found that, in 2017, Facebook's monthly removal rate varied widely, reaching a maximum level in August (80%) and a minimum in May (around 40%). Overall, Facebook's removal rate trended slightly upward in 2017.
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Trend in Removal Rates on Twitter Based on the Moving Averages of Percentage of Removed Cases (2017)

The chart presents the share of the reported content which was removed by Twitter, based on data collected by the International Network Against Cyber Hate. The report found that, in 2017, Twitter's monthly removal rate has a high variation, and recorded a maximum level in February (90%) and a minimum in November (around 10%). Overall, Twitter’s removal rate shows a steep downward trend in 2017.
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Trend in Removal Rates on Youtube Based on the Moving Averages of Percentage of Removed Cases (2017)

The chart presents the share of the reported content which was removed by YouTube, based on data collected by the International Network Against Cyber Hate. The report found that, in 2017, YouTube’s monthly removal rate was highly volatile, recording maximum levels in January and April (90%) and minimum one in June (around 22%). Overall, YouTube’s removal rate has a slight downward trend in 2017.