Perceptions of changes in the level of expressions of antisemitism on the internet in the country over the past five years, by EU Member State

Source: European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism: Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2018)
Topic: Hate Speech
Reference year: 2013-2018
Geographical area: European Union
Method: Survey (N=16395)
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This chart shows the difference in perceptions of changes in the level of antisemitism on the internet from 2013 to 2018. Respondents in both 2013 and 2018 were asked if "over the past five years, has antisemitism on the internet, including on social media, increased, stayed the same or decreased." The amounts recorded show the percentage who answered "increased a lot" and increased a little." The most dramatic changes in perceptions occured in Germany (+23) and the United Kingdom (+21), and the only country who recorded a decrease in perceived antisemitism online was Hungary.