Charts on Disinformation

Disinformation is defined as "verifiably false or misleading information" which, cumulatively, "is created, presented and disseminated for economic gain or to intentionally deceive the public"; and "may cause public harm", intended as "threats to democratic political and policymaking processes as well as public goods such as the protection of EU citizens' health, the environment or security".

The notion of "Disinformation" does not include misleading advertising, reporting errors, satire and parody, or clearly identified partisan news and commentary, and is without prejudice to binding legal obligations, self-regulatory advertising codes, and standards regarding misleading advertising.

This definition has been proposed under the European Commission’s Communication "Tackling online disinformation: a European approach" and by the High-Level Group on Fake News and Disinformation.

In 2018, to address the spread of online disinformation and fake news, online platforms Facebook, Google and Twitter, Mozilla, advertisers and advertising industry signed a Code of Practice on Disinformation. The Code applies the same definition as a basis of their commitment.

Below, you can find the entries tagged as relevant to the Disinformation in the Intermediary Liability Dashboard. Please contribute with more evidence if you identify any important sources that should be included.

There are contents on Disinformation on the WILMap project by The Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School.

Records 1 - 10 of 24


chart preview

Average monthly Facebook interactions for prominent French news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly Facebook interactions for several prominent French news sites and some of the most popular false French news sites, in million minutes. Notably, although the prominent news sites outperformed the false ones in reach and monthly time spent on their pages, their Facebook interactions lag behind some of the interactions achieved by the false news sites.
chart preview

Average monthly Facebook interactions for prominent Italian news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly Facebook interactions with several prominent Italian news sites and some of the most popular false Italian news sites. Although the prominent news sites have larger averages, the gap between prominent news sites and false news sites is a bit narrower here than it is for other metrics, such as reach and time spent.
chart preview

Average monthly reach of prominent French news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly reach of several prominent French news sites and some of the most popular false French news sites. Although the prominent news sites enjoy a far greater reach, there are many popular false news sites.
chart preview

Average monthly reach of prominent Italian news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly reach of several prominent Italian news sites and some of the most popular false Italian news sites. Although the prominent news sites enjoy a far greater reach, there are many popular false news sites.
chart preview

Average monthly time spent with prominent French news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly time spent with several prominent French news sites and some of the most popular false French news sites, in million minutes. Although the much more time is spent with the prominent news sites, there are many popular false news sites.
chart preview

Average monthly time spent with prominent Italian news sites, and some of the most popular false news sites (2017)

This bar graph from the Reuters Institute shows the average monthly time spent at several prominent Italian news sites and some of the most popular false Italian news sites. Although the prominent news sites have larger averages, there are many popular false news sites.
chart preview

Catalan crisis - number of reachable viewers

These bar graphs show the number of shared posts and reachable readers and viewers various news sources had for their coverage of the 2017 Catalan Crisis. It is notable that Russian news sources (RT and Sputnik) were able to achieve engagement on a similar level to that achieved by the Spanish news sources and BBC.
chart preview

Catalan crisis- number of shared posts

These bar graphs show the number of shared posts and reachable readers and viewers various news sources had for their coverage of the 2017 Catalan Crisis. It is notable that Russian news sources (RT and Sputnik) were able to achieve engagement on a similar level to that achieved by the Spanish news sources and BBC.
chart preview

Europeans' views on whether disinformation is a problem in their country

This chart shows the data collected via survey for the Flash Eurobarometer 464. The data shows the percent of respondents from each EU country who believe that the existence of news or information that misrepresents reality or is even false is a problem in their country. Respondents from Cyprus were most likely to believe that such information is a problem in their country, while respondents from Belgium were the least likely to believe that. Notably, significantly more than half of respondents viewed the existence of this type of information as a problem in all countries.
chart preview

Frequency of encountering disinformation online across European Union countries

This bar chart shows the data collected via survey for the Flash Eurobarometer 464. The data shows how often respondents reported encountering news that they believed misrepresented reality or was even false. More than 60% of respondents reported encountering such information at least once per week, while only 17% reported that they did so seldom or never.