Charts on Hate Speech

In recent years, policymakers in the European Union dedicated a special attention to identifying policies which will help countering illegal hate speech online. As a result, a Code of conduct on countering hate speech online has been agreed by platforms to tackle this issue.

The Code defines illegal content online as laid down in the Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA, as “all conduct publicly inciting to violence or hatred directed against a group of persons or a member of such a group defined by reference to race, colour, religion, descent or national or ethnic origin, when carried out by the public dissemination or distribution of tracts, pictures or other material; Publicly condoning, denying or grossly trivialising crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes […], when the conduct is carried out in a manner likely to incite violence or hatred against such a group or a member of such a group.”

For the accuracy of data related to hate speech and displayed on the Intermediary Liability Dashboard, please keep in mind that the definition provided by the Framework Decision might not been considered as fundamental by all the sources cited on this website.

Below, you can find the entries tagged as relevant to the Hate Speech in the Intermediary Liability Dashboard. Please contribute with more evidence if you identify any important sources that should be included.

There are contents on Hate Speech on the WILMap project by The Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School.

Records 1 - 10 of 26


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Antisemitism is seen to be a problem in the country today, by EU Member State (%)

The chart explains if antisemitism is seen as a problem by eight EU member states, %. The results show that antisemitism is seen as a a very big problem in France and Germany and not a very big problem in United Kingdom and Latvia.
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Assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community today, average of the eight EU Member States surveyed (%)

The table shows the assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community in 2013, average of the eight EU Member States surveyed (%)
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Assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community, by EU Member State (%)

This table shows the assessment of manifestations of antisemitism against Jewish community in 2013, by member state, %
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Awareness of a law that forbids discrimination based on skin colour, ethnic origin or religion

The chart shows the awareness of a law that forbids discrimination based on skin colour, ethnic origin or religion, %
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Feedback provided to different types of user

This bar graph shows the percent of users who reported posts who received feedback regarding their report on various social media platforms. Facebook was most likely to provide feedback to normal users and to trusted flaggers. All of the platforms were more likely to provide feedback to trusted flaggers than to normal users.
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Grounds of hatred

This pie chart, based on data reported by social media platforms participating in the European Commission's Code of Conduct, shows the grounds of hatred reported for reviewed posts. Xenophobia and sexual orientation were the most common grounds for hatred, while gender identity and Afrophobia were the least common grounds for hatred.
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Harassment experienced due to Roma background in the 12 months before the survey (%)

This graph shows the results of a survey on harassment experienced due to Roma background in 2016 (%)
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Number of online complains per hate type

This chart shows the distribution of complaints about hate speech online based on data collected by INACH, the International Network Against Cyberhate. INACH's 2018 report, "The State of Cyber Hate," found that the most common types of hate speech reported in user complaints are Racism and Anti-Semitism. The least common types of hate speech are Anti-Ziganism and anti-religious hate for religions other than Islam.
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Perceptions on changes in the level of antisemitism in the country over the past five years, by EU Member State (%)

The table shows the perception of eight EU member states on proliferation of antisemitism between 2008-2013. In France, the perception is that antisemitism increased a lot, as opposed to Latvia, where respondents considered that it stayed the same
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Rate of notifications reviewed within 24 hours since the launch of the Code of Conduct

This graph, based on data reported by social media platforms participating in the European Commission's Code of Conduct, shows how tech companies have increased the percent of notifications which are reviewed within 24 hours. Among the platforms participating in the Code of Conduct, Facebook now has the highest rate of review within one day, while Google+ has the lowest. The average rate of review has increased from 40% in December 2016 to 88% in December 2018.