Charts on Copyright Infringement

Copyright as a term is used to describe the author’s rights over their literary, scientific and artistic works. In the European Union, copyright protection is granted automatically from the moment the work is created and no registration is necessary. Copyright is infringed when a person uses a “substantial part” of a copyright-protected work, without the authorisation of the author.

The dazzling capacity of the Internet to store, transmit and distribute copyrighted material opened up new opportunities for copyright owners to reach out a larger community through online platforms. The online platforms became intermediaries between the content owner and the public. To facilitate this interaction, the European Union’s e-Commerce Directive (2000) laid down a legal framework for online services in the Internal Market. The Directive stipulated that online platforms are not liable for the content they manage if they fulfil the following conditions: they play a merely technical and passive role and act immediately to remove or disable the content as fast as they learn that the content is illegal.

On the contrary, the increasing role of the Internet made it more difficult to protect the value of the online content. The subject of copyright infringement and protection of author’s rights on the Internet has sparked a heated debate which concluded with a new legislation. The European Union’s Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (2019) reviewed the liability exemptions targeting a higher level of copyright protection. The directive clearly stipulates that the liability exemption mechanism “should not apply to service providers the main purpose of which is to engage in or to facilitate copyright piracy.” The directive is currently being transposed and implemented in European Union member states.

Below, you can find the entries tagged as relevant to the Copyright Infringement in the Intermediary Liability Dashboard. Please contribute with more evidence if you identify any important sources that should be included.

There are contents on Copyright Infringement on the WILMap project by The Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School.

Records 1 - 10 of 51

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Access to pirated content in EU28 by content type and device, 2018

This graph shows the distribution of online infringement in EU28 across the three content types and the desktop/mobile dimension for the nine months of 2018 covered by the data. TV copyright infringement represented nearly 60 % of the total, followed by film and music piracy. The use of desktop devices to access TV content and films is greater than that of mobile devices, while access to music is greater from mobile devices.
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Acquired or accesses any content type illegally, 2017

This grouped column chart shows the percent of respondents who use the internet who acquired or accessed any type of content illegaly over the past year using the internet. Respondents from Poland and Spain were the most likely to report having done so among EU countries.
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Action taken after encountering illegal content

This bar graph shows that the majority of users took not action after encountering illegal content online.
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Action taken after encountering illegal content (detail), %

This chart shows that most users took not action after encountering illegal content online, although respondents from Germany were the least likely to report having taken no action.
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Agreement with positions on Internet hosting services

This segmented bar graph shows that the majority of respondents believe that hosting services should immediately remove content flagged as illegal by law enforcement authorities, process all notifications they receive, remove content flagged as illegal by organizations with proven expertise on the topic, and give users the ability to appeal removal decisions.
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Attitudes towards online copyright infringement: 2009-14

The graph presents the attitude of adults aged 16+ towards online copyright infringement 2009-2014
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Breakdown of titles posted by contributor account

This pie chart illustrates the unequal contributions of accounts to a piracy website studied by HADOPI. Only 14 contributors accounted for 90% of the content uploaded, showing that much of the illegal activity on the site was concentrated in a specific group of users.
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Consumed recorded music from any illegal channel, 2017

This gouped column chart shows the percent of respondents who use the internet who reported consuming recorded music from any illegal channel during the last year, along with the percent of all respondents who reported doing so. Respondents from Poland were most likely to report doing so in 2014 and 2017.
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Consumption of music per type of illegal channel (per capita, Internet population)

This table provides details about the number of albums and hours of listening via illegal means that respondents reported per capita (for the internet-using population) among several countries. Respondents from Spain reported illegally downloading significantly more albums than respondents from other countries.
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Copyright Infringement Before and After HADOPI

This bar graph shows the prevalence of copyright infringement through peer to peer filesharing and other platforms before and after HADOPI. Although peer to peer file sharing decreased by 15%, overall copyright infringement increased by 3%.