Charts on Copyright Infringement
Copyright as a term is used to describe the author’s rights over their literary, scientific and artistic works. In the European Union, copyright protection is granted automatically from the moment the work is created and no registration is necessary. Copyright is infringed when a person uses a “substantial part” of a copyright-protected work, without the authorisation of the author.
The dazzling capacity of the Internet to store, transmit and distribute copyrighted material opened up new opportunities for copyright owners to reach out a larger community through online platforms. The online platforms became intermediaries between the content owner and the public. To facilitate this interaction, the European Union’s e-Commerce Directive (2000) laid down a legal framework for online services in the Internal Market. The Directive stipulated that online platforms are not liable for the content they manage if they fulfil the following conditions: they play a merely technical and passive role and act immediately to remove or disable the content as fast as they learn that the content is illegal.
On the contrary, the increasing role of the Internet made it more difficult to protect the value of the online content. The subject of copyright infringement and protection of author’s rights on the Internet has sparked a heated debate which concluded with a new legislation. The European Union’s Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (2019) reviewed the liability exemptions targeting a higher level of copyright protection. The directive clearly stipulates that the liability exemption mechanism “should not apply to service providers the main purpose of which is to engage in or to facilitate copyright piracy.” The directive is currently being transposed and implemented in European Union member states.
Below, you can find the entries tagged as relevant to the Copyright Infringement in the Intermediary Liability Dashboard. Please contribute with more evidence if you identify any important sources that should be included.
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