Incitement to Terrorism

The crackdown on terrorism has emerged as the cutting-edge for issues arising from the global reach of Internet platforms, large and small.

National governments have laws and law-enforcement bodies. But terrorism is quite often global – with operations in one country being planned to disrupt life in another. The Internet provides a convenient network for terrorists to share content, recruit and even communicate across borders – unless they are prevented from doing so. The result is an evident need to cooperate globally.

Since 2015, the European Union has pursued a largely voluntary approach. It set up the EU Internet Forum, a yearly gathering where platforms and anti-terrorism organisations – led by the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol) – exchange information and coordinate action in the fight against terrorism. Under this umbrella, the platforms themselves have jointly created a "database of hashes," which today holds more than 200,000 pieces of content – all of it banned. This allows content, once removed, to stay offline. And it helps prevent the spread of content removed on one platform from proliferation on another.

But is it yet enough? At the request of European governments, the European Commission has proposed a new regulation on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online (2018). This 39-page proposal would create a single unified law in all 27 European Union member states, if approved. The law would codify a procedure for notifying terrorist content across border – and impose a one-hour takedown requirement for content notified by judicial order.

Additional content on the fight against incitement to terrorism is available on the World Intermediary Liability Map (WILMap), led by the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School.

Records 1 - 8 of 8


chart preview

Cumulative Suspension Rate for Accounts Eventually Suspended

The graph shows the cumulative suspension rate for all accounts identified as being Islamic State or Jihadi by the number of days the accounts survived before being suspended (on the horizontal axis). The data shows that Islamic State accounts have had higher suspension rates compared to other Jihadi accounts. The chart focuses on accounts that were independently judged to have breached Twitter’s terms of service.
chart preview

Cumulative Suspension Rate For All Accounts in Database

The graph shows the cumulative suspension rate for all accounts identified as being Islamic State or Jihadi by the number of days the accounts survived before being suspended. The data shows that Islamic State accounts have had higher suspension rates compared to other Jihadi accounts.
chart preview

Failed, Foiled or Completed Attacks by Affiliation (2017)

In 2017, the attacks specifically classified as ethno-nationalist and separatist accounted for the largest proportion of failed, foiled and completed terrorist attacks.
chart preview

ISIS Accounts Spread More Content Before Getting Suspended by Twitter Compared With Other Eventually Suspended Accounts

This graph shows the fraction of suspended users who were able to tweet 10, 100, 1,000, or more times before being suspended. Based on data collected from Twitter, this chart shows that ISIS accounts seem to successfully tweet more posts before being suspended, compared to the entire population of suspended accounts.
chart preview

Number of Failed, Foiled or Completed Attacks

The total number of attacks (129) decreased after a sharp spike in 2017 (205), primarily because of the decrease in reported separatist-related incidents.
chart preview

Per cent of Videos Taken Down for Extremist Content by Views at Takedown

The chart shows that the fraction of removed videos which receive less than 100 views before being removed has increased significantly and consistently since the first quarter of 2017. As the original source does not provide explicit data, this chart presents approximate values.
chart preview

Platforms Linked to Islamic State and Jihadist Accounts (Based on Out-Links from Twitter)

This graph shows the top 10 platforms linked to Islamic State accounts and top 10 platforms linked to other Jihadist accounts on Twitter. The data shows that YouTube was the preferred platform for both types of accounts. Interestingly, Facebook was not in the top 10 for Islamic State accounts but was number 2 for other Jihadist accounts.
chart preview

Retweets of ISIS Accounts

The chart compares the number of tweets, retweets, and mentions achieved by ISIS accounts compared to a randomly sampled set of users, based on data collected from Twitter. The random sample of users received significantly more retweets and mentions per account. The random sample also received more retweets and mentions per tweet, but the difference there was much smaller.