Grounds of Hatred Reported by Social Media Platforms

Source: European Commission. Fourth Evaluation on the Code of Conduct on Countering Illegal Hate Speech Online (Brussels: European Commission, 2019)
Topic: Hate Speech
Reference year: 2019
Geographical area: European Union
Method: Self-reporting
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The chart shows the grounds of hatred reported for reviewed posts, based on data reported by social media platforms participating in the European Commission's Code of conduct. Xenophobia and sexual orientation were the most common grounds for hatred, while gender identity and afrophobia were the least common grounds for hatred.