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The chart shows the percent of respondents that use the internet who acquired or accessed any type of content illegaly over the past year. Respondents from Poland and Spain were the most likely to report having done so among European Union countries. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. As a note, the data in the chart covers exclusively the streamripping and pirated copies on physical carriers.
The chart shows that the majority of users took not action after encountering illegal content online. The chart results are based on the answers to the question “Q4. What action did you take after encountering this content?", for which the selection of more than one answer is possible. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
The chart shows that most users took not action after encountering illegal content online, although respondents from Germany were the least likely to report having taken no action. The chart results are based on the answers to the question: What action did you take after encountering this content?, " for which the selection of more than one answer is possible. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
The chart shows the number of content actioned under child nudity and sexual exploatation violations on Facebook. The data shows that after the pick registered in the third trimester, the volume of content actioned on decreased by 56% in the last trimester of 2020.
This chart shows the content actioned under their terrorism and organised hate violations on Facebook. The data shows slighly higher volume of content actioned on under terrorism violations in 2020 compared to previous years. Content actioned under organised hate violations is more recent, but it shows significant increase during 2020.
The chart shows the number pieces of content actioned under hate speech violations on Instagram. The data shows a significant increase of hate speech violations that were found and actioned on by Instagram in the last two quarters of 2020.
The chart shows the distribution of the content actioned under other types of violations on Facebook, from the fourh quarter of 2017 until the end of 2020. The figure excludes the content removed under fake accounts and spam content violations. The data shows that the adult nudity and sexual activity remains the main reason of removal on Facebook, followed closely by hate speech and violent and graphic content.
The chart shows the distribution of the content actioned on Instagram, by reasons of removal. The data shows that adult nudity and sexual activity remain the main reason of removal of content, followed by hate speech and violence and graphic content. In the last three quarters of 2020, the share of content actioned under hate speech violations increased significantly compared to previous periods (four times higher in the last quarter of 2020 compared to the last quarter of 2019).
The chart shows the evolution of the countries' Freedom of the World score for the past 15 years, based on a report from Freedom House. The results show that the global freedom has declined constantly in the last the 14 years. The gap between setbacks and gains widened compared with 2018, as individuals in 64 countries experienced deterioration in their political rights and civil liberties while those in just 37 experienced improvements. The negative pattern affected all regime types, but the impact was most visible near the top and the bottom of the scale.
Freedom on the Net measures the level of internet and digital media freedom in 65 countries (for a full display of countries, please view the chart in full screen). Each country receives a numerical score from 100 (the most free) to 0 (the least free), which serves as the basis for an internet freedom status designation of free (70–100 points), partly free (40–69 points) or not free (0–39 points). Ratings are determined through an examination of three broad categories: obstacles to access (assesses infrastructural and economic barriers to access; government efforts to block specific applications or technologies; and legal, regulatory, and ownership control over internet and mobile phone access providers); limits on content (examines filtering and blocking of websites; other forms of censorship and self-censorship; manipulation of content; the diversity of online news media; and usage of digital media for social and political activism); violations of user rights (measures legal protections and restrictions on online activity; surveillance; privacy; and repercussions for online activity, such as legal prosecution, imprisonment, physical attacks, or other forms of harassment).