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Distribution of Hate Speech Content Removal Across the Online Platforms (2018)

The chart presents the distribution of hate speech content removal by the online platforms based on data collected by International Network Against Cyber Hate. The 2018 report found that Instagram and Forums (as a whole) were most likely to remove the flagged content, while Google+ was by far least likely to do so.
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Distribution of the Content Actioned on Instagram, by Reason of Removal

The chart shows the distribution of the content actioned on Instagram, by reasons of removal. The data shows that adult nudity and sexual activity remain the main reason of removal of content, followed by hate speech and violence and graphic content. In the last three quarters of 2020, the share of content actioned under hate speech violations increased significantly compared to previous periods (four times higher in the last quarter of 2020 compared to the last quarter of 2019).
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Duration of Account Activity of English-Language Pro-Islamic State Accounts on Twitter, 2016-2017

The chart shows the distribution of the duration of Twitter accounts of English-language of Islamic State sympathizers. The report collected and reviewed 845646 tweets produced by 1782 English-language pro-Islamic State accounts from 15 February 2016 to 01 May 2017. In the context of the study, a user’s "duration of activity" is quantified by the number of days between an account’s first and last tweet.
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Estimated Impact of the Internet Intermediary Liability Regime on Startups’ Success Rate in Germany (2015)

Germany’s startup ecosystem could moderately benefit from increased liability protection in particular to increase its startup success rate. The model used by Oxera estimates that it could increase by 1.6%, translating into an increase of around 9% on its current success rate.
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Estimated Impact of the Internet Intermediary Liability Regime on Startups’ Success Rate in Selected Countries (2015)

The chart presents an estimated impact on the success rate for startups in four selected countries – Chile, Germany, India and Thailand. The analysis suggests that a regime with clearly defined requirements for compliance and low associated compliance costs could increase startups’ success rates for intermediaries in the selected countries between 4% (Chile) and 24% (Thailand).
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Estimated Impact of the Internet Intermediary Liability Regime on Startups’ Success Rate in Selected Countries (2015)

The chart presents an estimated impact on expected profit for successful startups in four selected countries – Chile, Germany, India and Thailand. The analysis suggests that a regime with clearly defined requirements for compliance and low associated compliance costs could increase the startups’ expected profit for intermediaries in the focus countries between 1% (Chile) and 5% (India).
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Evolution of the Sources of Copyright Infringement Before and After Haute Autorité Française pour la Diffusion des Oeuvres et la Protection des Droits sur Internet

The chart shows the prevalence of copyright infringement through peer to peer filesharing and other platforms before and after establishment of Haute Autorité Française pour la Diffusion des Oeuvres et la Protection des Droits sur Internet (HADOPI). Although peer to peer file sharing decreased by 15%, overall copyright infringement increased by 3%.
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Feedback Provided by Online Platforms to Different Types of User (2019)

This chart shows the per cent of feedback provided by online platforms to different types of users (general user or trusted flagger/reporter). The results are based on data reported by social media platforms participating in the European Commission's Code of conduct. The data shows that platforms have higher rates of providing feedback to trusted flaggers compared to the ones to the general users, with differences varying between 4.6% (Facebook) and 46.3% (Twitter). One of the European Commission's conclusions included in the fifth monitoring exercice is that online platforms must improve their feedback to users'notifications.
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Feedback Provided to Different Types of User by Social Media Platforms

The chart shows the percent of users who reported posts who received feedback regarding their report on various social media platforms. Facebook was most likely to provide feedback to normal users and to trusted flaggers. All of the platforms were more likely to provide feedback to trusted flaggers than to normal users.
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Google Ads Accounts With Misrepresentation Violations (by Country)

The chart shows the number of Google Ads accounts with adds violating Google's standards regarding misrepresentation, by billing country. The data used are those reported by Google under the European Union Code of Practice against Disinformation. The results show that Germany is the billing country for the highest number of these accounts. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.