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The Negative Impact on Investors of Regulatory Ambiguity (2014)

The chart shows that a high majority of respondents in every surveyed country consider that an ambiguous regulatory framework makes them uncomfortable investing in digital content intermediaries that offer user-uploaded music or video.
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The Number of E-commerce Jobs Created (2008-2018)

The chart presents the number of e-commerce jobs created over the period 2008-2018, in eigth European countries. Data are based on the results of the economic and environmental impact study "Is E-commerce Good for Europe?" led Oliver Wyman in 2020. Between 2008 and 2018, 1.3 million net direct retail jobs were created in the eight countries, out of which over 300,000 jobs were created by e-commerce retailers.
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The Proportion of Preventable Non-Fatal Product-Related Injuries To Total Non-Fatal Injuries (2013-2017)

The chart presents the share of the preventable non-fatal product-related injuries in the European Union between 2013-2017, based on the results of the impact assessment study realised for the evaluation of the General Product Safety Directive and its potential revision for the European Commission. The average number of injuries are estimates based on the European Injury Database and include the number of accidental, non-intentional product-related injuries in which consumers visited hospital emergency departments. Data excludes transport injury events and work-related injuries (paid work). When it comes to the estimated prejudice caused by all product-related injuries to consumers in the European Union in 2017, 36.9 billion euros (or 48% of the total amount of 76.6 billion euros) was due to the non-fatal injuries, with preventable injuries accounting for 5.5 billion euros. The percentage of preventable non-fatal injuries is an estimate based on interviews and previous research and studies, including a 1999 study of the Accident Research Centre of University of Monash that, in turn, relied on data covering the period 1991-1992.
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The Top Ten Countries for Hosting Child Sexual Abuse Content

The chart shows the top 10 countries that host web pages with child sexual abuse material, based on the assessment of the Internet Watch Foundation. Interestingly, seven out of 10 countries are in Europe and six out of 10 are in the European Union.
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Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Misinformation

The chart shows that high-level politicians, celebrities, or other prominent public figures produced or spread only 20% of the misinformation in Reuters Institute's sample, but that misinformation attracted a large majority of all social media engagements in the sample. The first bar shows the share of content that was produced or shared by prominent persons in the whole sample (N=225). The second bar shows the per cent of total social media engagements of content from prominent persons out of the sub-sample of social media posts with available engagement data (N=145).
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Total Copyright-Infringing Content

This graph shows the percent of people who report having had at least one nuisance or at least one harmful incident related to copyright infringement online in France. It is based on data gathered through surveys by Haute Autorité Française pour la Diffusion des Oeuvres et la Protection des droits sur Internet (HADOPI ), and shows that significant fractions of respondents experienced nuisances or harms related to online copyright infringement.
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Total Piracy by Access Method (2018)

This doughnut chart shows the distribution of piracy in the European Union by access method. As presented, streaming is the preferred method with a 75% share. The remaining 25% is divided between download, torrent and ripper. Nearly 95% of the streaming activity is concentrated in television and film. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Total Piracy by European Union Member State and Content Type (2018)

This chart shows piracy by European Union member state. For each country, piracy is broken down by content type accessed. In two countries, Latvia and Lithuania, consumption of pirated content is clearly higher (more than 26 accesses per month) than in the rest of the European Union. Finland has the lowest rate at 4.6 access per user per month. Germany, Italy, Denmark, Austria, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Slovenia are also below the European Union average of 9.7. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Total Piracy Trends by European Union Member State

The chart presents information on the total piracy trends by country, in the European Union. European Union refers to EU28. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.
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Turnover From Web Sales Broken Down by Own Website or Apps and Marketplace, 2019

The chart presents the share of e-commerce sales in total turnover, in 2019 for European enterprises (with more than 10 employees), by own website or apps and marketplace. Web sales via marketplaces for Hungary, Finland, Estonia, Croatia, Greece, Latvia, Slovakia and Bosnia and Herzegovina are less 1% and, therefore, not visible on the chart. The data are not available for Luxemboug (confidential), Italy (unreliable), Montenegro (unreliable) and North Macedonia (no data).